February 20, 2023

Employee Turnover: Causes, Effects, and Tactics to Curtail It

Employee turnover refers to the frequency at which workers depart from an organization and are succeeded by new employees.

Employee Turnover

Hiring is time-taking and expensive and most companies do not want their employees to leave for this reason. Especially in case of experienced employees leaving, it becomes even more difficult to replace them without hurting your business. Onboarding good employees is one task, but retaining them over years is another, equally difficult if not more. Good employees would join your company with good recruitment strategies, but the odds of them leaving in some years are high if you do not do anything to retain them.

Causes: Understanding What Drives Turnover

No good employee leaves for no reason. There are things, pain points, and concerns that keep on developing, and one day the employee decides to part ways. Below are some of the major causes of a high employee turnover rate.

Poor Management and Team Culture

Numerous employees voice discontent with the way their bosses oversee them and the workplace. Poor employee management can encompass inadequate, ineffective, or inappropriate handling of employee-related tasks and obligations by a manager or employer. These management issues can lead to negative consequences such as diminished employee motivation and morale, increased employee turnover, and reduced productivity. For a business to have satisfied employees, it is important that they feel heard and fairly treated.

Some examples of poor employee management are:

  • Lack of clear communication
  • Inconsistent or unfair treatment
  • Lack of recognition and feedback
  • Lack of training and development
  • Failure to address employee concerns
  • Overworking or underworking employees

Poor employee management and a toxic work environment play a vital role in employees' decisions to leave.

Less or No Growth

No Employee Growth

One of the major causes of high employee turnover is the lack of growth opportunities and training programs for employees. Today, with the ever-growing market and fast-paced technological advancements, nobody wants to stay behind the rest. Companies that follow age-old methods and fail to keep up with modern-day demands have a hard time keeping their employees for long.

Compensation and Benefits

Most employees do not leave their employers for minuscule compensation differences. However, if the compensation isn't remotely competitive, it can be a problem. Companies that offer highly competitive packages are more likely to have lower employee turnover rates.

Burnout: Stress and Workload

A high turnover rate among employees can be attributed to the stress and workload that they experience in the workplace. Excessive stress and an overwhelming workload can lead to employee burnout, a state of emotional, mental, and physical exhaustion resulting from prolonged and excessive stress within the work environment.

Job Burnout

Job burnout is characterized by three key dimensions:

  • Emotional exhaustion: This refers to feelings of exhaustion and depletion of emotional resources due to prolonged work-related stress.
  • Depersonalization: This refers to feelings of cynicism, detachment, and negativity toward one's job or the people they work with.
  • Reduced personal accomplishment: This refers to feelings of decreased competence and accomplishment, and a lack of motivation or sense of purpose in one's work.

Personal Reasons

There can be many personal reasons why an employee may choose to leave a workplace, including:

  • Personal or family reasons: An employee may need to relocate to care for a family member, pursue a personal opportunity, or due to personal circumstances such as marriage, divorce, or the birth of a child.
  • Health or wellness concerns: An employee may leave a job due to personal health issues, such as stress, burnout, or illness.
  • Incompatibility with company culture: An employee may feel that they don't fit in with the company culture, or may not share the same values or goals as the organization.
  • Conflict with co-workers or management: An employee may leave a job due to personality conflicts with co-workers or management, or due to feeling unsupported or undervalued.

Overall, personal reasons for leaving a job can be complex and varied. Employers can help mitigate turnover by providing a positive and supportive work environment, promoting work-life balance, and providing opportunities for professional development and growth.

Read more about why the employees leave a workplace.

Adverse Effects: The Surprising Ways Employee Turnover Impacts Your Company

In addition to the direct cost of replacing an employee, there are other less apparent ways in which a company is adversely impacted by frequent employee departures. Here are some of the significant negative consequences of a high employee turnover rate.

Decreased Productivity

Employee departures can disturb the workflow and cause a drop in productivity. When a position is vacant, or other employees have to assume extra responsibilities, there may be a period of decreased output.

Increased Costs

High Costs

For an organization, employee turnover can incur significant expenses. The process of recruiting, hiring, and training new staff can be costly, and there may be associated expenses due to reduced productivity during the transition phase. Moreover, the departure of skilled employees can lead to a loss of institutional knowledge and expertise, which may require considerable time and resources to replenish.

Decreased Morale

Decreased Morale

High levels of employee turnover can create a sense of instability and uncertainty among remaining employees, which can lead to decreased morale and job satisfaction. This can lead to a further decrease in productivity and increased employee turnover.

Damage to Reputation

High levels of employee turnover can damage an organization's reputation as an employer. This can make it more difficult to recruit top talent and can have a negative impact on the organization's brand.

Hold on to Your Talent: 6 Tips for Lowering Employee Turnover

While there is no single solution to address high employee turnover, there are several effective approaches that organizations can adopt to minimize the risk of losing valuable staff. To that end, presented below are some actionable tips that can assist companies in curbing high employee turnover and enhancing employee retention.

Breaking Down Barriers: Improve Communication in the Workplace

Improving Communicationi

Effective communication and employee development are key strategies to reduce high employee turnover and increase retention rates. Companies should provide clear expectations, feedback, and opportunities for growth to their employees. Regular check-ins can help identify any issues early on, which allows for prompt resolution and fosters a positive work environment. By addressing concerns proactively, organizations can prevent problems from escalating and negatively affecting employee morale and retention. Ultimately, prioritizing employee well-being and growth can lead to a more positive workplace culture and reduced employee turnover.

Offer Compensation that Counts

Competitive pay and benefits are key elements for attracting and retaining employees, as they offer companies a competitive edge in recruiting top talent. Offering salaries and benefits that align with industry standards shows that companies prioritize the well-being of their workforce and value their employees.


Aside from the base salary, additional benefits such as health insurance, retirement plans, and paid time off can significantly contribute to employee satisfaction and retention. Offering a comprehensive benefits package can reduce the financial burdens that employees may face, allowing them to concentrate more on personal growth and work-related matters.

Create a Positive Work Environment

Nurturing a positive work environment is crucial in reducing employee turnover. A work environment where employees feel supported, appreciated and engaged leads to increased productivity and job satisfaction. To create a positive work environment, organizations should promote open communication, recognize and reward employee accomplishments, and encourage work-life balance. Furthermore, creating a culture that values inclusivity and diversity fosters respect and appreciation for all employees. By making a positive work environment a priority, companies can reduce staff turnover and cultivate a more productive and supportive workplace.

Unlocking Potential: Provide Opportunities for Growth and Development

Growth Opportunities

Investing in employees' growth and development is crucial for reducing turnover. When employees see opportunities for career advancement, they are more likely to be motivated and engaged in their work. Companies can offer regular training, mentorship programs, and leadership development to foster employee growth. By investing in professional development, organizations can create a skilled workforce that can improve their bottom line. Additionally, providing growth opportunities can increase employee loyalty and retention, as employees tend to remain with companies that value their professional advancement.

The Departing Gift: Exit Interviews

Exit interviews are an effective tool for gaining insights into why employees leave a company. By asking departing employees about their experience with the company, management can identify areas for improvement and implement changes to reduce employee turnover.

During exit interviews, departing employees are typically asked about their experience with various aspects of the company, such as work culture, management style, compensation and benefits, job satisfaction, and growth opportunities. This feedback can provide valuable insights into the reasons why employees leave, as well as highlight areas where the company can improve to better retain employees.

Exit Interviews

Exit interviews can also help to identify issues that may be affecting current employees, providing insight into how to improve the overall employee experience. By understanding the root causes of employee departures, companies can take proactive steps to address these issues and improve the workplace environment.

Overall, conducting exit interviews is a useful tool for companies to reduce employee turnover and create a more positive workplace culture. By taking action on the feedback provided in exit interviews, companies can demonstrate that they are committed to improving the employee experience and retaining top talent.

Read more about the things you should do for a smooth employee offboarding.

Maintain Work-Life Balance

Providing a healthy work-life balance is critical for reducing employee turnover, as workers who feel overwhelmed and stressed are more likely to leave a company. To promote work-life balance, employers can offer flexible work arrangements such as telecommuting, flexible schedules, and job sharing, allowing workers to balance their work and personal life.

In addition to this, companies can encourage employees to prioritize self-care and take regular breaks by offering wellness programs such as yoga classes, gym memberships, or mindfulness training. This can help workers recharge, stay energized, and prevent burnout.

Moreover, companies can establish clear policies and expectations around work hours and workload to prevent employees from feeling overwhelmed or overworked. By setting realistic expectations, employers can create a supportive work environment that fosters employee engagement and satisfaction.


Although, no matter how much a business tries to hold on to its employees, some people are bound to leave. But putting no effort to minimize the rate of employee turnover is detrimental as no company can go big with constant and high employee turnover.

Employees that are loyal and who are determined to stay with you for a long time are your true assets. It is only beneficial to go the extra mile to keep them. In the longer run, a team that is built on trust, compassion, and understanding is going to be tough to beat. A well-oiled system having a tightly-knit team and a durable process is what it takes to be a great organization.

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Hirecinch is one of the best applicant tracking system I have used ever, literally my my job easier

Hirecinch is one of the best applicant tracking system I have used ever, literally my my job easier

Hirecinch is one of the best applicant tracking system I have used ever, literally my my job easier

Hirecinch is one of the best applicant tracking system I have used ever, literally my my job easier

Hirecinch is one of the best applicant tracking system I have used ever, literally my my job easier

Hirecinch is one of the best applicant tracking system I have used ever, literally my my job easier